An innovative solar sterilizer design to be fixed on the focus of concentrated solar parabolic dish collector (CSPDC) was presented. The specifications of CSPDC were 4.8 m diameter and 1.8 m focal point according to the manufacturer. With this size, the sterilization can be achieved at a flowrate of 2.2 l/min enough to satisfy the daily potable water requirement for a community of 50 people. The design was tested from the sample collected form Ain Arzat water spring in Dhofar region, Oman. The polluted water samples were tested chemically and biologically before and after using the solar sterilizer. It was found that all water samples are polluted biologically and cannot be directly consumed. By solar sterilization, the samples chemically become closer to the Omani Standards of the first quality level, thus making the design of the solar sterilizer a safe and cost-effective tool for water sterilization.

References

References
1.
Pawan, 2016, “
Urbanization and Its Causes and Effects: A Review
,”
Int. J. Res. Sci. Innovation
,
3
(9), pp. 110–112.http://www.rsisinternational.org/IJRSI/Issue31/110-112.pdf
2.
Tsoutsos
,
T.
,
Frantzeskaki
,
N.
, and
Gekas
,
V.
,
2005
, “
Environmental Impacts From the Solar Energy Technologies
,”
Energy Policy
,
33
(
3
), pp.
289
296
.
3.
Devabhaktuni
,
V.
,
Alam
,
M.
,
Depru
,
S. S.
,
Green
,
R. C.
, II
,
Nims
,
D.
, and
Near
,
C.
,
2013
, “
Solar Energy: Trends and Enabling Technologies
,”
Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev.
,
19
, pp.
555
564
.
4.
Rao
,
S. P. N.
,
2008
, “
Sterilization and Disinfection
,” Department of Microbiology, JJMMC, Davangere, India, epub, Accessed Aug. 22, 2018, https://www.microrao.com/micronotes/sterilization.pdf
5.
Raines
,
M.
,
2008
, “
Methods of Sanitization and Sterilization, Brewing Techniques
,” MoreFlavor Inc., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, epub, accessed Aug. 21, 2018, https://www.morebeer.com/articles/sanitizingmethods
6.
Kale
,
D. N.
,
Desail
,
A. A.
,
Khan
,
A. H.
,
Pawar
,
C. D.
, and
Chougule
,
V. N.
,
2017
, “
Development of Waste Water Treatment Using Solar Energy
,”
IOSR J. Mech. Civ. Eng.
,
1
(
1
), pp.
49
54
.
7.
Public Development Oman, 2008, “
Omani Standards for Pure Safe Drinking Water
,” Public Development Oman, Sultanate of Oman, accessed Aug. 21, 2018, http://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/LegalRequirements/OS%208-2012-E-Unbottled%20Drinking%20Water%20Standard.pdf
8.
Solartron Energy Systems Inc., 2010, “
Specifications of the Concentrated Solar Parabolic Dish Collector (CSPDC)
,” Solartron Energy Systems Inc., Halifax, NS, Canada, accessed Aug. 21, 2018, http://www.solartronenergy.com/solar-concentrator/specifications/
9.
Department of Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Science Clemson University, 2012, “Pasteurization Temperature,” Department of Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Science, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, accessed Aug. 21, 2018, http://www.foodsafetysite.com/educators/competencies/general/foodprocessing/processing2.html
10.
Wazwaz, A.
,
Salmi, J.
,
Hallak, H.
, and
Bes, R.
, 2002, “
Solar Thermal Performance of a Nickel-Pigmented Aluminium Oxide Selective Absorber
,”
Renewable Energy
,
27
(2), pp. 277–292.
You do not currently have access to this content.