Solar dryer with thermal energy storage device is an essential topic for food drying applications in industries. In this work, a two-dimensional (2D) numerical model is developed for the application of solar drying of agricultural products in an indirect type solar dryer. The phase-change material (PCM) used in this work is paraffin wax. The study has been performed on a single set of concentric tube which consists of a finned inner copper tube for air flow and an outer plastic tube for PCM material. The practical domain is modeled using ANSYS, and computer simulations were performed using ANSYS fluent 2015. The air velocity and temperature chosen for this study are based on the observation of indirect type solar dryer experimental setup. From this numerical analysis, the temperature distribution, melting, and solidification fraction of PCM are estimated at different air flow velocities, time, and inlet temperature of air. It is concluded that the drying operation can be performed up to 10.00 p.m. as the PCM transfers heat to inlet air up to 10.00 p.m. and before it got charged up to 3.00 p.m. because of solar radiation. The maximum outlet temperature is 341.62 K (68.62 °C) which is suitable for food drying applications. Higher air flow velocity enhances quick melting of PCM during charging time and quick cooling during recharging of inlet air; therefore, higher air flow velocity is not preferred for food drying during cooling of PCM.
Numerical Analysis on Thermal Energy Storage Device With Finned Copper Tube for an Indirect Type Solar Drying System
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received July 7, 2017; final manuscript received December 2, 2017; published online March 13, 2018. Assoc. Editor: M. Keith Sharp.
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Yadav, S., and Chandramohan, V. P. (March 13, 2018). "Numerical Analysis on Thermal Energy Storage Device With Finned Copper Tube for an Indirect Type Solar Drying System." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. June 2018; 140(3): 031009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4039273
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