The solar photovoltaic thermal system (PVT) facilitates conversion of incoming solar radiations into heat and electricity simultaneously. The beam split photovoltaic thermal system (BSPVT) is one of the PVT systems. In this system, the incoming solar beam is splitted and used separately for PV and thermal system. The feasibility of water, silicone oil, and coconut oil as spectrum filter for C–Si solar photovoltaic system is reported in the literature recently. However, the changes in the optical behavior of the liquids due to extended exposure to sunlight (aging effect) had not been considered in most of the previous studies. The current study includes the methodology for the selection of liquids for BSPVT systems, estimation of external quantum efficiency (EQE) of a solar cell using liquids, and the aging effect on the liquid spectrum filters. The spectral response of the solar cell is analyzed using BENTHAM, (PVE 300) for 300–1100 nm. In this study, it has been observed that the aging of silicone oil reduces the electrical performance of the solar cell. On the other hand, the aged coconut oil improves the electrical performance of the solar cell as compared to the fresh coconut oil spectrum filter.

References

References
1.
Sukhatme
,
S. P.
, and
Nayak
,
J. K.
,
1996
,
Solar Energy Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage
,
3rd ed.
,
Tata McGraw-Hill Education
,
New Delhi
, India.
2.
Solanki
,
C. S.
,
2013
,
Solar Photovoltaics Fundamentals, Technologies and Applications
,
2nd ed.
,
PHI Learning
,
New Delhi, India
.
3.
Joshi
,
S. S.
,
Dhoble
,
A. S.
, and
Jiwanapurkar
,
P.
,
2016
, “
Investigations of Different Liquid Based Spectrum Beam Splitters for Combined Solar Photovoltaic Thermal Systems
,”
ASME J. Sol. Energy Eng.
,
138
(2), p.
021003
.
4.
Jackson
,
E. D.
,
1955
, “
Areas for Improvement of the Semiconductor Solar Energy Converter
,”
Transactions of the Conference on the Use of Solar Energy
,
University of Arizona Press
,
Tucson, AZ
.
5.
Kaluza
,
J.
,
Funken
,
K. H.
,
Groer
,
U.
,
Neumann
,
A.
, and
Riffelmann
,
K. J.
,
1999
, “
Properties of an Optical Fluid Filter: Theoretical Evaluations and Measurement Results
,”
J. Phys. IV
,
9
, pp. 655–660.
6.
Otanicar
,
T. P.
,
Phelan
,
P. E.
, and
Golden
,
J. S.
,
2009
, “
Optical Properties of Liquids for Direct Absorption Solar Thermal Energy Systems
,”
Sol. Energy
,
83
(
7
), pp.
969
977
.
7.
Taylor
,
R. A.
,
Otanicar
,
T. P.
,
Herukerrupu
,
Y.
,
Bremond
,
F.
,
Rosengarten
,
G.
,
Hawkes
,
E. R.
,
Jiang
,
X.
, and
Coulombe
,
S.
,
2013
, “
Feasibility of Nanofluid-Based Optical Filters
,”
Appl. Opt.
,
52
(
7
), pp.
1413
1422
.
8.
Rosa-clot
,
M.
,
Rosa-clot
,
P.
, and
Tina
,
G. M.
,
2011
, “
TESPI: Thermal Electric Solar Panel Integration
,”
Sol. Energy
,
85
(
10
), pp.
2433
2442
.
9.
Joshi
,
S. S.
, and
Dhoble
,
A. S.
,
2017
, “
Experimental Investigation of Solar Photovoltaic Thermal System Using Water, Coconut Oil and Silicone Oil as Spectrum Filters
,”
J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng.
,
39
(8), pp.
3227
3236
.
10.
Huang
,
H.
,
Li
,
Y.
,
Wang
,
M.
,
Nie
,
W.
,
Zhou
,
W.
, and
Peterson
,
E. D.
,
2011
, “
Photovoltaic—Thermal Solar Energy Collectors Based on Optical Tubes
,”
Sol. Energy
,
85
(
3
), pp.
450
454
.
11.
Kameya
,
Y.
, and
Hanamura
,
K.
,
2011
, “
Enhancement of Solar Radiation Absorption Using Nanoparticle Suspension
,”
Sol. Energy
,
85
(
2
), pp.
299
307
.
12.
Phelan
,
P.
,
Otanicar, T.
,
Taylor, R.
, and
Tyagi, H.
, 2013, “
Trends and Opportunities in Direct-Absorption Solar Thermal Collectors
,”
ASME J. Therm. Sci. Eng. Appl.
,
5
(2), p.
021003
.
13.
Taylor
,
R. A.
,
Otanicar
,
T.
, and
Rosengarten
,
G.
,
2012
, “
Nanofluid-Based Optical Filter Optimization for PV/T Systems
,”
Light: Sci. Appl.
,
1
, p.
e34
.
14.
Mittal
,
T.
,
Saroha
,
S.
,
Bhalla
,
V.
,
Khullar
,
V.
,
Tyagi
,
H.
,
Taylor
,
R. A.
, and
Otanicar
,
T. P.
,
2013
, “
Numerical Study of Solar Photovoltaic/Thermal (PV/T) Hybrid Collector Using Nanofluids
,”
ASME
Paper No. MNHMT2013-22090.
15.
Crisostomo
,
F.
,
Hjerrild
,
N.
,
Mesgari
,
S.
,
Li
,
Q.
, and
Taylor
,
R. A.
,
2017
, “
A Hybrid PV/T Collector Using Spectrally Selective Absorbing Nanofluids Angle of Incidence Levelized Cost of Electricity
,”
Appl. Energy
,
193
, pp.
1
14
.
16.
Stanley
,
C.
,
Mojiri
,
A.
,
Karwa
,
N.
, and
Rosengarten
,
G.
,
2014
, “
Computational Heat Transfer Modeling of a Beam Splitting Hybrid PVT Collector
,”
52nd Annual Conference, Australian Solar Energy Society (Australian Solar Council)
, Melbourne, Australia, May 8–9, pp. 1–10.
17.
Al-shohani
,
W. A. M.
,
Sabouri
,
A.
,
Al-dadah
,
R.
,
Mahmoud
,
S.
, and
Butt
,
H.
,
2016
, “
Experimental Investigation of an Optical Water Filter for Photovoltaic/Thermal Conversion Module
,”
Energy Convers. Manage.
,
111
, pp.
431
442
.
18.
Looser
,
R.
,
Vivar
,
M.
, and
Everett
,
V.
,
2014
, “
Spectral Characterisation and Long-Term Performance Analysis of Various Commercial Heat Transfer Fluids (HTF) as Direct-Absorption Filters for CPV-T Beam-Splitting Applications
,”
Appl. Energy
,
113
, pp.
1496
1511
.
You do not currently have access to this content.