Designing blade geometry as a multidisciplinary optimization presents important challenges due to the increment in the number of design variables and computational cost of calculating the constraints and objective function. Blades have an important impact on loads because they capture the kinetic energy in wind and transfer it to the rest of the wind turbine components. Thus, consideration of the fatigue response is necessary in the optimization problem. However, the calculation of the damage equivalent loads (DELs) implies time-consuming simulations that restrict the number of design variables due to the increment of the search space. This article proposes a frequency domain method to estimate the fatigue response, which produces an advantage in terms of computational cost. The method is based on wind turbine model linearization by means of an aero-elastic code and the subsequent calculation of a frequency response function (FRF), which serves to estimate the response of the wind turbine. The Dirlik method is then applied to infer the damage equivalent loads. This process, which is useful for variables that have a stochastic nature, provides rapid approximate prediction of the fatigue response. An alternative estimation is proposed for loads subjected to an important periodic component. The results show that the method is useful in the initial stages of design.
Fast Estimation of the Damage Equivalent Load in Blade Geometry Multidisciplinar Optimization
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received September 14, 2016; final manuscript received April 12, 2017; published online May 22, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Yves Gagnon.
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Durá, F. E., Gimenez, F. M., and Corretge, J. S. (May 22, 2017). "Fast Estimation of the Damage Equivalent Load in Blade Geometry Multidisciplinar Optimization." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2017; 139(4): 041008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4036636
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