In the present study, an experimental testing facility is created to analyze the heat losses from the cylindrical solar cavity. Tests are carried out under the temperature range from 225 °C to 425 °C for a cavity inclination from θ = 0–90 deg in steps of 30 deg. It is observed that for off-flux investigation of solar cavity receiver, near isothermal wall temperature condition can be realized with the differential heating arrangement. The total loss is found to be the highest when the cavity aperture is positioned at sideways (θ = 0 deg). It decreases by 43–51% when the cavity is inclined (θ = 90 deg). The conduction loss is found to be accounted for up to 32–34% of the total heat loss, whereas the cavity radiative loss is estimated to be 13%, 16%, and 20% of the total heat loss, respectively, for cavity wall temperature 225 °C, 325 °C, and 425 °C. The investigation of convective losses showed significant change with cavity tilt angles. It is 46–54% of the total heat loss when the cavity aperture is facing sideways (θ = 0 deg), whereas its value reduces up to 4% of the total heat loss when the cavity aperture is facing downward (θ = 90 deg). A Nusselt number correlation has been developed for predicting the convective heat loss from a open cavity. The Nusselt number correlation correlates 100% of data within ± 20% deviation.
Experimental Investigation on Heat Losses From Differentially Heated Cylindrical Cavity Receiver Used in Paraboloid Concentrator
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 11, 2016; final manuscript received February 24, 2017; published online April 25, 2017. Assoc. Editor: Mary Jane Hale.
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Jilte, R. D., Nayak, J. K., and Kedare, S. B. (April 25, 2017). "Experimental Investigation on Heat Losses From Differentially Heated Cylindrical Cavity Receiver Used in Paraboloid Concentrator." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. June 2017; 139(3): 031013. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4036255
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