A modified version of the Beddoes–Leishman (B-L) dynamic stall model is presented. A novel approach was applied for deriving the effective flow separation points using two-dimensional (2D) static wind tunnel test data in conjunction with Kirchhoff's model. The results were then fitted in a least-squares sense using a new nonlinear model that gives a better fit for the effective flow separation point under a wide range of operating conditions with fewer curve fitting coefficients. Another model, based on random noise generation, was also integrated within the B-L model to simulate the effects of vortex shedding more realistically. The modified B-L model was validated using 2D experimental data for the S809 and NACA 4415 aerofoils under both steady and unsteady (oscillating) conditions. The model was later embedded in a free-wake vortex model to estimate the unsteady aerodynamic loads on the NREL Phase VI rotor blades consisting of S809 aerofoils when operating under yawed rotor conditions. The results in this study confirm the effectiveness of the proposed modifications to the B-L method under both 2D and three-dimensional (3D) (rotating) conditions.

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