This paper describes and evaluates accelerated aging of a titanium dioxide (TiO2) filled polyamide (PA) based backsheet film for photovoltaic (PV) modules. Damp heat exposure (85%RH, 85 °C) was carried out up to 2000 hrs. The backsheet was characterized using microscopic, spectroscopic, thermoanalytic, chromatographic, and mechanical methods. While Raman microscopy, infrared spectroscopy in attenuated total reflection mode (IR-ATR), scanning calorimetry (DSC), and thermal gravimetric analysis did not reveal aging-induced changes, significant yellowing was detected by ultraviolet visible near infrared (UV/VIS/NIR) spectroscopy. Depending on the stabilizer type (UV-absorbers, hindered amine light stabilizers (HALSs), and antioxidants), rather different consumption rates were ascertained by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC). Although the ultimate mechanical properties decreased significantly, no full embrittlement was obtained after damp heat exposure of up to 2000 hrs. The observed physical and chemical aging mechanisms were classified as within the induction period without premature failure.
Damp Heat Aging Behavior of a Polyamide-Based Backsheet for Photovoltaic Modules
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received November 25, 2015; final manuscript received March 4, 2016; published online April 5, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Alison Lennon.
Geretschläger, K. J., Wallner, G. M., Hintersteiner, I., and Buchberger, W. (April 5, 2016). "Damp Heat Aging Behavior of a Polyamide-Based Backsheet for Photovoltaic Modules." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. August 2016; 138(4): 041003. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4032977
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