The design procedure for a 3 kWth prototype solar thermochemical reactor to implement isothermal redox cycling of ceria for CO2 splitting is presented. The reactor uses beds of mm-sized porous ceria particles contained in the annulus of concentric alumina tube assemblies that line the cylindrical wall of a solar cavity receiver. The porous particle beds provide high surface area for the heterogeneous reactions, rapid heat and mass transfer, and low pressure drop. Redox cycling is accomplished by alternating flows of inert sweep gas and CO2 through the bed. The gas flow rates and cycle step durations are selected by scaling the results from small-scale experiments. Thermal and thermo-mechanical models of the reactor and reactive element tubes are developed to predict the steady-state temperature and stress distributions for nominal operating conditions. The simulation results indicate that the target temperature of 1773 K will be reached in the prototype reactor and that the Mohr–Coulomb static factor of safety is above two everywhere in the tubes, indicating that thermo-mechanical stresses in the tubes remain acceptably low.
Design of a Solar Reactor to Split CO2 Via Isothermal Redox Cycling of Ceria
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGY AND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received April 23, 2014; final manuscript received October 20, 2014; published online December 23, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Prof. Nathan Siegel.
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Bader, R., Bala Chandran, R., Venstrom, L. J., Sedler, S. J., Krenzke, P. T., De Smith, R. M., Banerjee, A., Chase, T. R., Davidson, J. H., and Lipiński, W. (June 1, 2015). "Design of a Solar Reactor to Split CO2 Via Isothermal Redox Cycling of Ceria." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. June 2015; 137(3): 031007. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4028917
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