We report the fabrication of a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) using low-cost materials (carbon ink from an inkjet printer coated on glass as the counter electrode) and made by a combination of spray deposition and doctor blade methods. We noted that the efficiency of the DSSC with the carbon-coated electrode (1.13%) was comparable to that with a platinum-coated counter electrode (1.16%). We also proposed an equivalent circuit for this solar cell. The value of the charge-transfer resistance was determined both experimentally and analytically, and we found that both approaches produced the same results. Moreover, we improved the efficiency of DSSC based carbon by depositing copper nanoparticle into the space between Titanium Dioxide (TiOv2) nanoparticle using electroplating methods.

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