An innovative solar desalination system is successfully designed, manufactured, and experimentally tested at Makkah, 21.4 degN. The system consists of 1.15 m2 flat-plate collector as a heat source and a desalination unit. The unit is about 400 l vertical cylindrical insulated tank. It includes storage, evaporator, and condenser of hot salt-water that is fed from the collector. The heated water in the collector is raised naturally to the unit bottom at which it is used as storage. A high pressure pump is used to inject the water vertically up through 1-mm three nozzles inside the unit. The hot salt-water is atomized inside the unit where the produced vapor is condensed on the inner surfaces of the unit outer walls to outside. The system was experimentally tested under different weather conditions. It is obtained that the system can produce about 9 l a day per quadratic meter of collector surface area. By that it can produce about 1.6 l/kWh of solar energy. Moreover, the water temperature has a great effect on the system performance although the scaling possibility is becoming significant. By that way the cost of a liter water production is relatively high and is obtained as 0.5 US$.
Efficient Solar Desalination System Using Humidification/Dehumidification Process
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING: INCLUDING WIND ENERGYAND BUILDING ENERGY CONSERVATION. Manuscript received February 8, 2012; final manuscript received May 14, 2014; published online June 20, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Werner Platzer.
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Abdel Dayem, A. M. (June 20, 2014). "Efficient Solar Desalination System Using Humidification/Dehumidification Process." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 2014; 136(4): 041014. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4027725
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