The fabrication and testing of a solar simulator for indoor testing of solar collector are described. Consisting of Philips 500 W halogen lamps with built-in reflector, which are arranged at 30 cm apart, the system covers a test area suitable for a solar collector of size 120 cm by 53 cm. The height of the lamps above the solar collector under test is set to 160 cm. Measurement of the uniformity of the irradiance over the test area has been made. Four sets of irradiance mapping were performed at 466, 580, 686, and 804 W/m2, yielding at each point the irradiance uniformity percentage of 8.9, 7.6, 6.9, and 7.8%, respectively. The infrared radiation produced by the lamps was filtered by air flowing over the test area.
Issue Section:Technical Briefs
Topics:Manufacturing, Solar collectors, Solar energy, Testing
“Methods of Testing to Determine the Thermal Performance of Solar Collectors,”ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 93-2003.
ASTM, 1992, “Tables for Terrestrial Solar Spectral Irradiance at Air Mass 1.5 for a 37-Deg Tilted Surface,” ASTM Standard E892-87.
H. B., 1974,
“Low Cost Air Mass 2 Solar Simulator,”
NASA Technical Memorandum,
E. J. G., 1978,
“The CSI Lamp as a Source of Radiation for Solar Simulation,”
Lighting Res. Technol.,
H. P., and
A. R., 1985,
“Development of Simple Low-Cost Solar Simulator for Indoor Collector Testing, New Delhi, India,”
Comparison of Indoor & Outdoor Solar Simulator Performance Testing According to ISO 9806, World Renewable Energy Congress V(
Oxford, 1998), pp.
W. R. W.,
M. Y., and
Design and Construction of Low Cost Solar Simulator, World Renewable Energy Congress V, (
Oxford, 1999), pp.
A. B., 2007,
“Performance Evaluation of a Double-Pass Photovoltaic-Thermal Solar Collector with Compound Parabolic Concentrators and Fins,”PhD Thesis, UKM.
M. Y., 1989,
Analisis ralat dan ketidakpastian dalam amali berserta kaedah melaksana & menulis laporan projek, Kuala Lumpur,
Dewan Bahasa & Pustaka.
Catalogue manufacturer specification of Li-Cor 200 Pyranometer Sensor.
Copyright © 2011
by American Society of Mechanical Engineers