Digital close range photogrammetry has proven to be a precise and efficient measurement technique for the assessment of shape accuracies of solar concentrators and their components. The combination of high quality mega-pixel digital still cameras, appropriate software, and calibrated reference scales in general is sufficient to provide coordinate measurements with precisions of 1:50,000 or better. The extreme flexibility of photogrammetry to provide high accuracy 3D coordinate measurements over almost any scale makes it particularly appropriate for the measurement of solar concentrator systems. It can also provide information for the analysis of curved shapes and surfaces, which can be very difficult to achieve with conventional measurement instruments. The paper gives an overview of quality indicators for photogrammetric networks, which have to be considered during the data evaluation to augment the measurement precision. A selection of measurements done on whole solar concentrators and their components are presented. The potential of photogrammetry is demonstrated by presenting measured effects arising from thermal expansion and gravitational forces on selected components. The measured surface data can be used to calculate slope errors and undertake ray-trace studies to compute intercept factors and assess concentrator qualities.
Photogrammetry: A Powerful Tool for Geometric Analysis of Solar Concentrators and Their Components
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division and presented at the ISEC2004 Portland, Oregon, July 1–14, 2004 of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Manuscript received by the ASME Solar Division; May 5, 2004; final revision May 17, 2004. Associate Editor: J. Davidson.
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Pottler, K., Lu¨pfert, E., Johnston, G. H. G., and Shortis, M. R. (February 7, 2005). "Photogrammetry: A Powerful Tool for Geometric Analysis of Solar Concentrators and Their Components ." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. February 2005; 127(1): 94–101. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1824109
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