This paper gives an overview of the design and wind tunnel test results of the wind turbine dedicated airfoils developed by Delft University of Technology (DUT). The DU-airfoils range in maximum relative thickness from 15% to 40% chord. The first designs were made with the XFOIL code. The computer program RFOIL, which is a modified version of XFOIL featuring an improved prediction around the maximum lift coefficient and the capability of predicting the effect of rotation on airfoil characteristics, has been used to design the airfoils since 1995. The measured effect of Gurney flaps, trailing edge wedges, vortex generators (vg) and trip wires on the airfoil characteristics of various DU-airfoils is presented. Furthermore, a relation between the thickness of the airfoil leading edge and the angle-of-attack for leading edge separation is given.
Summary of the Delft University Wind Turbine Dedicated Airfoils
Contributed by the Solar Energy Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the ASME Solar Energy Division February 27, 2003; final revision July 7, 2003. Associate Editor: D. Berg.
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Timmer, W. A., and van Rooij, R. P. J. O. M. (November 26, 2003). "Summary of the Delft University Wind Turbine Dedicated Airfoils ." ASME. J. Sol. Energy Eng. November 2003; 125(4): 488–496. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1626129
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