On January 9, 2002, US Secretary of Energy Abrams announced that the Bush administration has terminated funding the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) program that was initiated under the Clinton administration in an effort to produce a hybrid vehicle that could obtain 80 miles per gallon. Secretary Abrams further announced that in place of the PNGV program, the administration would fund Freedom CAR, a private-public partnership whose goal is to develop technologies for a fuel cell-powered vehicle using hydrogen as the fuel. It has previously been claimed by some that fuel cell vehicles are not only highly energy efficient, but also will emit no tailpipe pollution. With those claims in mind, the New Yorker, in its November 6, 2000 issue, claimed that fuel cells would reach a mass market as replacements for traditional automobiles by the middle of this decade.

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