A computer analysis of the thermal performance of a desiccant cooling cycle in which the cooled air, passing to the space to be conditioned, has not been in contact with the desiccant. It is shown that an important factor is the efficiency of the desiccant tower. Only liquid desiccants are considered.

1.
Ertas, A., Anderson, E. E., and Kiris, I., 1990a, “Properties of a New Liquid Desiccant Solution—Lithium Chloride and Calcium Chloride Mixture,” Proceedings 1990 American Solar Energy Society, Austin, pp. 535–540.
2.
Ertas, A., Anderson, E. E., and Kavasogullari, S., 1990b, “Comparison of Mass and Heat Transfer Coefficients of Liquid Desiccant Mixtures in a Packed Column,” Proceedings of the ASME Winter Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX.
3.
Exxon Corporation, 1981, “Advanced Solar/Gas Desiccant Cooling Systems,” Final report for the Gas Research Institute, Contract No. 5083-343-0477.
4.
Gandhidasan
P.
,
Kettleborough
C. F.
, and
Ullah
M. R.
,
1986
, “
Calculation of Heat and Mass Transfer Coefficients in a Packed Tower Operating with a Desiccant-Air Contact System
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING
, Vol.
108
, pp.
123
128
.
5.
Gandhidasan
P.
,
Ullah
M. R.
, and
Kettleborough
C. F.
,
1987
, “
Analysis of Heat and Mass Transfer Between a Desiccant-Air System in a Packed Tower
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING
, Vol.
109
, pp.
89
93
.
6.
Grolmes, M. A., and Epstein, M., 1982, “Desiccant Cooling System Performance: A Simple Approach,” Final report for the Gas Research Institute, Contract No. 5081-343-0582.
7.
Grolmes, M. A., and Epstein, M., 1983, “Advanced Desiccant Dehumidification/Cooling Technology,” Proceedings ASME Solar Energy Division, Apr. pp. 398–407.
8.
Jurinak
J. J.
,
Mitchell
J. W.
, and
Beckman
W. A.
,
1984
, “
Open-Cycle Desiccant Air Conditioning as an Alternative to Vapor Compression Cooling in Residential Application
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING
, Vol.
106
, pp.
252
260
.
9.
Kang, Tae Seok, 1985, “Adiabatic Desiccant Open Cooling Cycles,” Masters Thesis, School of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sidney, Australia.
10.
Kavasogullari, S., Gandhidasan, P., Ertas, A., and Anderson, E. E., 1991, “Performance of CaCl2 and LiCl Liquid Desiccants in a Dehumidifying Packed Tower,” The 1991 Energy Resources Technology Conference (ETCE), Houston, TX.
11.
Kettleborough
C. F.
, and
Hsieh
B.
,
1983
, “
The Thermal Performance of the Wet Surface Plastic Plate Heat Exchanger Used as an Indirect Evaporative Cooler
,”
ASME Journal of Heat Transfer
, Vol.
105
, pp.
366
373
.
12.
Kettleborough, C. F., 1987, “The Thermal Performance of the Cross-flow Indirect Evaporative Cooler,” Proceedings of the ASME/JSME Thermal Engineering Conference, Vol. 2, pp. 195–201.
13.
Kettleborough
C. F.
, and
Waugaman
D. G.
,
1992
, “
Thermal Performance of the Cross-flow Three-Dimensional Flat Indirect Evaporative Cooler
,”
ASME Journal of Energy Resources Technology
, Vol.
114
, pp.
181
186
.
14.
Kini, A., Waugaman, D. G., and Kettleborough, C. F., 1990, “Progress in Desiccant Cooling,” ASME Solar Engineering in the 1990’s, pp. 9–19.
15.
Kini
A.
,
Waugaman
D. G.
, and
Kettleborough
C. F.
,
1993
, “
Statistical Analysis of a Silica Gel Rotary Dehumidifier
,”
International Journal of Drying Technology
, Vol.
11
, No.
3
, pp.
635
647
.
16.
Maclaine-Cross
I. L.
, February
1985
, “
High Performance Adiabatic Desiccant Open Cooling Cycles
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING
, Vol.
107
, pp.
102
104
.
17.
McDonald
B.
,
Waugaman
D. G.
, and
Kettleborough
C. F.
,
1992
, “
A Statistical Analysis of a Packed Tower Dehumidifier
,”
International Journal of Drying Technology
, Vol.
10
, pp.
223
237
.
18.
McNab, John L., 1990, “Indirect Air Conditioning System,” United States Patent Number 4,910,971, Mar. 27, 1990.
19.
Pennington, N. A., 1955, “Humidity Changes for Air Conditioning,” United States Patent No. 2,700,537.
20.
Schlepp, D. R., and Barlow, R., 1984, “Performance of the SERI Parallel-Passage Dehumidifier,” SERI/TR-252-1951, Sept., Colorado.
21.
Ullah
M. R.
,
Kettleborough
C. F.
, and
Gandhidasan
P.
,
1988
, “
Effectiveness of Moisture Removal for an Adiabatic Counterflow Packed Tower Absorber
,”
ASME JOURNAL OF SOLAR ENERGY ENGINEERING
, Vol.
110
, No.
2
, pp.
98
101
.
22.
Waugaman, D. G., 1986, “Thermodynamic Behavior with Cost Predictions of Residential Desiccant Cooling Systems,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Texas A&M University, Mechanical Engineering Department.
23.
Waugaman
D. G.
,
Kini
A.
, and
Kettleborough
C. F.
,
1993
a, “
Improvements in Solid Desiccant Cooling
,”
International Journal of Drying Technology
, Vol.
11
, No.
3
, pp.
615
633
.
24.
Waugaman
D. G.
,
Kini
A.
, and
Kettleborough
C. F.
,
1993
b, “
A Review of Desiccant Cooling
,”
ASME Journal of Energy Resources Technology
, Vol.
115
, pp.
1
8
.
25.
Waugaman, D. G., Lee, James H., and Kettleborough, C. F., April 1993, “Cooling Season Energy and Economic Analysis of a Solid Desiccant Cooling System in Houston, Texas,” ASME International Solar Energy Conference, Washington, D.C.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.