A novel design concept is presented of a high-temperature solar central receiver in which solar energy is directly absorbed by fluids flowing in tubes and undergoing a chemical reaction. The utilization of this concept in a design of a solar Methane-Reforming reactor is discussed, especially as it applies to chemical energy transport systems. An analysis of heat balance and energy efficiency of both Steam-Methane and CO2-Methane reforming presents the technological barriers and potential in applying these systems for the transport of solar energy.

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