The heat storage system based on mixtures of salt hydrates and anhydrous salts described in previous articles has been applied to Mg(NO3)2 • 6H2O and MgCl2 • 6H2O (alone or in eutectic mixtures), added with NH4NO3. Calorimetric measurements showed that in the temperature range 25–60° C, Mg(NO3)2 • 6H2O allows a Thermal Energy Storage (TES) capacity of about 56 kcal/kg (equivalent to 86 kcal/liter), which is slightly lower than the values previously recorded with ammonium alum. When the maximum temperature was lowered to 55° and to 50° C, in order to be closer to the peak-efficiency of commercial flat-plate collectors, the best results were obtained, respectively, with Mg(NO3)2 • 6H2O and with the eutectic mixture Mg(NO3)2 • 6H2O – MgCl2 • 6H2O, both added with NH4NO3. The mixtures of the aforementioned magnesium salts and ammonium nitrate do not show any significant efficiency reduction after many thermal cycles, and at the present stage of the research, they may be considered the most suitable for obtaining heat storages in the temperature range of commercial solar collectors.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.