It is well-known that RCM is an advanced and effective maintenance strategy in practice. With the development of the automation and mechanization in modern industry, RCM method turns to be complex and consumes more resources in real production. However, the development and application of the Streamline RCM (SRCM) has injected new vitality for the new situation, especially in the nuclear power plants. This paper firstly introduces the background, the characteristics of the SRCM and the differences from RCM, and then shows the process in detail as well as the application status of the SRCM in country and abroad. It is proved that SRCM is a unique available method which saves the time and resource consumed, ensuring the integrity and correctness of the classical RCM. Finally, the weak points and the prospect are reviewed and prospected.