This paper presents an experimental investigation of the forced convective boiling of refrigerant HCFC123 in a mini-tube. The inner diameters of the test tubes, D , were 0.51 mm and 0.30 mm. First, two-phase frictional pressure drops were measured under adiabatic conditions and compared with the correlations for conventional tubes. The frictional pressure drop data were lower than the correlation for conventional tubes. However, the data were qualitatively in accord with those for conventional tubes and were correlated in the form φ L 2 −1/ X tt . Next, heat transfer coefficients were measured under the conditions of constant heat flux and compared with those for conventional tubes and for pool boiling. The heat transfer characteristics for mini-tubes were different from those for conventional tubes and quite complicated. The heat transfer coefficients for D = 0.51 mm increased with heat flux but were almost independent of mass flux. Although the heat transfer coefficients were higher than those for a conventional tube with D = 10.3 mm and for pool boiling in the low quality region, they decreased gradually with increasing quality. The heat transfer coefficients for D = 0.30 mm were higher than those for D = 0.51 mm and were almost independent of both mass flux and heat flux.