Abstract

Coda waves have been shown to be sensitive to lab-controlled defects such as very small holes in fibrous composite material. In the real world, damages are subtler and more irregular. The main objective of this work is to investigate coda wave capability to detect low-velocity impact damages. The emphasis is to detect the presence of barely visible impact damages using ultrasonic waves. Detection of incipient damage state is important as it will grow over the life of the structure. Differential features, previously used in similar work, have been utilized to detect realistic impact damages on carbon fiber composites. Quasi-isotropic composite laminates were subjected to low-velocity impact energy ranging from 2J to 4.5J. Two differential features reported could be used detect the presence of damage. It is also observed that ply orientation can be a deterministic factor for indicating damages. The size and shape of the impact damage has been characterized using ultrasonic C-scans. Results indicate that coda waves can be used for the detection of damage due to low-velocity impact.

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