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Keyword: pipelines
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Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. April 2019, 141(2): 024501.
Paper No: PVT-18-1150
Published Online: February 21, 2019
... 2018 pipelines in-service welding failure mechanism burn-through Aging and corrosion problems seriously impact the safe operation of gas pipelines. The traditional way to repair a corroded or damaged pipeline is to change the defective portion, which causes economic losses and...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. April 2012, 134(2): 021702.
Published Online: March 13, 2012
...Chunsheng Miao; Jianping Zhao Based on the statistical analysis from a great deal of failure cases, generally, the failure causes of buried pipeline can be classified into four factors, namely, third-party damage, erosion–corrosion damage, design and construction error, and incorrect operation. The...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2012, 134(1): 011701.
Published Online: December 2, 2011
...Jinqiu Hu; Laibin Zhang; Wei Liang; Cunjie Guo In petroleum industry, pipeline is singled out as it is the safest and the most economically viable means of transporting large quantities of oil and natural gas. However, accidents to pipelines because of the third-party interference have been...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2012, 134(1): 011202.
Published Online: December 1, 2011
...Haofeng Chen; Weihang Chen; Tianbai Li; James Ure In this study, the limit load, shakedown, and ratchet limit of a defective pipeline subjected to constant internal pressure and a cyclic thermal gradient are analyzed. Ratchet limit and maximum plastic strain range are solved by employing the new...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2011, 133(5): 051205.
Published Online: July 14, 2011
...B. H. Wu; Z. F. Sang; Z. L. Wang; G. E. O. Widera The objective of this study is to investigate the strength behavior and plastic limit pressure of hot-tapped pipelines under an internal pressure load. Two full scale test models were fabricated for the experiment. A three-dimensional nonlinear...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2011, 133(5): 051701.
Published Online: July 11, 2011
...Nikzad Nourpanah; Farid Taheri The reeling technique presents an economical pipeline installation method for offshore oil and gas applications, especially for thick-wall (low D / t ) pipelines. During reeling, the pipe is subjected to large plastic bending strains up to 3%. In thick-wall pipes, the...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. August 2011, 133(4): 041101.
Published Online: May 18, 2011
...Mainul Hasan; Faisal Khan; Shawn Kenny Failure probability of oil and gas pipelines due to external corrosion defects can be estimated using corrosion growth model and the evaluation of remaining strength. Codes/standards have been developed for the assessment of the remaining strength of corroded...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. August 2011, 133(4): 041402.
Published Online: May 17, 2011
...Husain M. Al-Muslim; Abul Fazal M. Arif Mechanical damage in transportation pipelines is a threat to their structural integrity. Failure in oil and gas pipelines is catastrophic as it leads to personal fatalities, injuries, property damage, loss of production, and environmental pollution. Therefore...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. August 2011, 133(4): 041701.
Published Online: May 17, 2011
...Aiman Al-Showaiter; Farid Taheri; Shawn Kenny The aim of the present study is to develop numerical modeling procedures to simulate and study the effect of girth weld induced residual stresses and geometric imperfections on the behavior of conventional carbon steel oil and gas pipelines. The effect...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. June 2011, 133(3): 031702.
Published Online: April 6, 2011
...Wenxing Zhou; Maher A. Nessim The optimal design level for onshore natural gas pipelines was explored through a hypothetical example, whereby the pipe wall thickness was assumed to be the sole design parameter. The probability distributions of the life-cycle costs of various candidate designs for...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. June 2011, 133(3): 031701.
Published Online: April 4, 2011
...Tomasz Tkaczyk; Noel P. O’Dowd; Kamran Nikbin The reel-lay method is a cost efficient alternative to the S-lay and J-lay methods for small to medium size steel offshore pipelines. The quality of the pipeline construction is enhanced by on-shore welding and inspection under controlled conditions...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. June 2011, 133(3): 031401.
Published Online: March 29, 2011
... becomes more complicated when the welded joint with strength heterogeneity is subjected to dynamic rapid loading; for example, the welded heat-affected zone of pipeline steels is softened and welded underground pipelines are affected by a rapid ground sliding in an earthquake. In this paper, the...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. April 2011, 133(2): 021701.
Published Online: March 14, 2011
...Bülent A. Kayhan; Zafer Bozkus The aim of the present study is to predict the impact force applied by an individual transient liquid slug on an elbow at the end of a horizontal and initially empty pipeline. The liquid slug is driven by pressurized air in a tank located upstream of the pipeline. The...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2011, 133(1): 011704.
Published Online: January 21, 2011
...Husain Al-Muslim; Amro M. Al-Qutub Hydrotest is one of the most important inspection activities to assess the integrity of pipelines prior to starting transportation of hazardous liquids. If the pipeline is buried, and welds cannot be inspected visually for leak, it is required that the hydrotest...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2011, 133(1): 011703.
Published Online: January 21, 2011
...Fraser King; Russell Given; Robert G. Worthingham; Greg Van Boven Buried pipelines can be subject to transitional environments due to changes in soil type or moisture content. Changes in the height of the water table, for example, will affect not only the availability of water but also the access...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2011, 133(1): 011401.
Published Online: January 20, 2011
...Arman U. Ahmed; Mehmet Aydin; J. J. Roger Cheng; Joe Zhou Buried pipelines, used by petrochemical industries in North America for transporting oil and derivatives, are often subjected to large deformations resulting from geo-environmental factors and operating conditions, such as geotechnical...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2010, 132(5): 051303.
Published Online: August 31, 2010
..., Peng–Robinson, Soave–Redlich–Kwong, and Groupe Européen de Recherches Gaziéres. The measured gas decompression curves were used to predict the fracture arrest toughness needed to assure fracture control in natural gas pipelines. The rupture tube test results have shown that the Charpy fracture arrest...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2010, 132(5): 051701.
Published Online: August 31, 2010
...Jeroen Van Wittenberghe; Patrick De Baets; Wim De Waele Threaded pipe couplings are used to join pipelines when they have to be uncoupled frequently or as an easy to assemble alternative to welding. A large variety of patented coupling modifications are available, but little is known about their...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2010, 132(5): 051001.
Published Online: August 20, 2010
...M. Bony; J. L. Alamilla; R. Vai; E. Flores Simple and accurate approaches to predict failure pressures in corroded pipelines are outlined in this work. It is shown that failure pressures for corroded pipelines can be predicted from the solution for undamaged pipelines using an equivalent wall...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2010, 132(5): 051401.
Published Online: August 19, 2010
... element analysis life testing occupational safety pipelines reliability stress analysis welding creep/fatigue weld damage girth weld main steam piping principal stress reference stress Power plant piping operated at high pressures and high temperatures is typically described as...