Stress intensity factors of pressurized surface cracks at the internal surface and un-pressurized surface cracks at the external surface of an internally pressurized cylinder are estimated from stress intensity factors of a semi-elliptical crack in a finite-thickness flat plate. Curvature effects of the cylinder are determined by comparing two-dimensional finite element solutions of fixed-grip, single edge-notched plates and single edge-notched cylinders. Stress intensity factors for semi-elliptical cracks with crack aspect ratios of b/a = 0.2 and 0.98 at crack depths up to 80 percent of the cylindrical wall thickness are shown for internally pressurized cylinders with outer to inner diameter ratios, Ro/Ri, ranging from 10:9 to 5:4 for outer surface cracks and to 3:2 for inner surface cracks.
Inner and Outer Cracks in Internally Pressurized Cylinders
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Kobayashi, A. S., Polvanich, N., Emery, A. F., and Love, W. J. (February 1, 1977). "Inner and Outer Cracks in Internally Pressurized Cylinders." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 1977; 99(1): 83–89. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3454523
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