The energy approach is used to analyze the buckling stability of toroidal shells. A closed and an open toroidal shell, as well as a shell segment are considered. Linear strain energy and nonlinear strain energy due to a uniform external pressure are formulated. Variations of the in-surface and normal displacement components in the circumferential and meridional directions are assumed in the form of a double Fourier series. The eigenvalue problem for the determination of the critical pressure is formulated by the Rayleigh–Ritz method (RRM). The proposed procedure is evaluated by numerical examples: one for a closed and another one for a simply supported open toroidal shell. The obtained results are validated by a comparison with results obtained by the finite strip method (FSM) and the finite element method (FEM), which shows a very good agreement.

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