Submerged arc welding is mainly used to weld high thickness steel plates in various applications such as offshore oil drilling platforms, bridges, building construction, and pressure vessels. Suitable flux composition and welding parameters play an important role in determining the good bead quality, which further affects the mechanical properties of welded joint. Agglomerated fluxes were formulated based on CaO–SiO2–CaF2 and CaO–SiO2–Al2O3 flux system using constrained mixture design and extreme vertices design approach. The chemical compositions of the bead on plate have been studied using formulated fluxes. Twenty one beads on plate experiments were conducted at constant current, voltage, and welding speed using submerged arc welding process. In the present study, chemical composition, grain size, and microhardness properties of series of bead on plate weld deposits (for API 5 L X70 grade pipe line) were optimized by using multiobjective optimization approach.
Design of CaO–SiO2–CaF2 and CaO–SiO2–Al2O3 Based Submerged Arc Fluxes for Series of Bead on Plate Pipeline Steel Welds—Effect on Carbon and Manganese Content, Grain Size and Microhardness
Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 11, 2018; final manuscript received March 20, 2019; published online April 11, 2019. Assoc. Editor: Bostjan Bezensek.
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Sharma, L., and Chhibber, R. (April 11, 2019). "Design of CaO–SiO2–CaF2 and CaO–SiO2–Al2O3 Based Submerged Arc Fluxes for Series of Bead on Plate Pipeline Steel Welds—Effect on Carbon and Manganese Content, Grain Size and Microhardness." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. June 2019; 141(3): 031403. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4043298
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