The design of a nuclear power plant piping requires consideration of the effects of pressure and moment loads according to the appropriate design equation, which is Piping design equation (9) in NC/ND-3600, Section III of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. The design moment is influenced significantly by the definition of the B2 stress index in piping elbows. This paper presents a study on reliability-based design for piping elbows on the level D service limit in the design code. Probability density functions (PDFs) of the design moment were calculated using the ASME equation and modified B2 equations. The PDFs of the design moment were evaluated by the collapse moment using the closed-form equations. The probability distribution of the design moment using the modified B2 equation was closer to the distributions of the collapse moment than its design moment using the ASME B2 equation. Probabilistic analyses were conducted to evaluate reliability levels in straight pipe as well as piping elbows using the ASME and modified B2 equations. It was observed that the minimum reliability level (MRL) of the design equation for the straight pipe was slightly higher than the MRL of the elbow. The MRLs of the design equation using the ASME and modified B2 equations were similar for the same values of bend parameter h, and the MRL of the design equation did not show influence of changes in bend parameter, piping type, and B2 stress index.

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