Pipe inspection is generally executed with ultrasonic pulse echo testing where a small range of pipe wall under an ultrasonic transducer can be evaluated in one measurement. Costly and laborious point-by-point testing is required if a whole range of a pipe should be inspected. The author has investigated fast defect imaging for a plate-like structure using a scanning laser source (SLS) technique as an efficient defect inspection technique. Although the imaging technique is feasible in noncontact remote measurements, only a plate cross section under the laser irradiation surface can be evaluated. This study describes detection of wall thinning on the back of a pipe using resonance of guided wave propagating in a pipe circumference by noncontact remote measurements with the SLS technique. The narrowband elastic waves are generated in a pipe by modulating laser pulses with fiber laser equipment. When the modulation frequency is in harmony with the resonance frequency of a circumferential guided wave, the distribution of the frequency spectrum peak obtained with the SLS technique becomes identical to the resonance pattern of the circumferentially guided wave mode. The distributions are distorted for a pipe with wall thinning on the back indicating that this technique has a potential for detection of defects on the back of a pipe.
Detection of a Defect on the Back of a Pipe by Noncontact Remote Measurements
Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received May 7, 2017; final manuscript received September 1, 2018; published online November 12, 2018. Assoc. Editor: San Iyer.
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Hayashi, T. (November 12, 2018). "Detection of a Defect on the Back of a Pipe by Noncontact Remote Measurements." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. December 2018; 140(6): 061401. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4041433
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