One of the most important components in the hydraulic fracturing is a type of positive-displacement-reciprocating-pumps known as a fracture pump. The fluid end module of the pump is prone to failure due to unconventional drilling impacts of the fracking. The basis of the fluid end module can be attributed to cross bores. Stress concentration locations appear at the bores intersections and as a result of cyclic pressures failures occur. Autofrettage is one of the common technologies to enhance the fatigue resistance of the fluid end module through imposing the compressive residual stresses. However, evaluating the stress–strain evolution during the autofrettage and approximating the residual stresses are vital factors. Fluid end module geometry is complex and there is no straightforward analytical solution for prediction of the residual stresses induced by autofrettage. Finite element analysis (FEA) can be applied to simulate the autofrettage and investigate the stress–strain evolution and residual stress fields. Therefore, a nonlinear kinematic hardening material model was developed and calibrated to simulate the autofrettage process on a typical commercial triplex fluid end module. Moreover, the results were compared to a linear kinematic hardening model and a 6–12% difference between two models was observed for compressive residual hoop stress at different cross bore corners. However, implementing nonlinear FEA for solving the complicated problems is computationally expensive and time-consuming. Thus, the comparison between nonlinear FEA and a proposed analytical formula based on the notch strain analysis for a cross bore was performed and the accuracy of the analytical model was evaluated.
Numerical Modeling and Analytical Investigation of Autofrettage Process on the Fluid End Module of Fracture Pumps
Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received January 15, 2018; final manuscript received April 20, 2018; published online May 21, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Steve J. Hensel.
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Kiani, M., Walker, R., and Babaeidarabad, S. (May 21, 2018). "Numerical Modeling and Analytical Investigation of Autofrettage Process on the Fluid End Module of Fracture Pumps." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. August 2018; 140(4): 041403. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040138
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