Pressure vessels comprise critical plant equipment within industrial operations. The fact that the vessel operates under pressure, and may carry toxic, dangerous, or hazardous contents, necessitates that care is taken to ensure safety of humans operating it and the environment within which it operates. Residual stress developed during welding of pressure vessel structures can adversely affects fatigue life (mean stress effect) of such structure and lead to corrosion crack growth. The present study applies the neutron diffraction (ND) technique to formulate the stress field distribution of a nozzle-to-shell weld joint of a pressure vessel. A number of experiments are conducted using the submerged arc welding (SAW) process at various parametric combinations to develop a number of specimens with different stress profiles. It is shown that the hoop stresses close to the weld center line (WCL) are highly tensile and have values close to the yield strength of the material. The ideal parametric combination is also determined based on the results with lowest stresses. The results obtained in this study are congruent to the results of similar studies in the literature.

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