Interaction of fundamental torsional ultrasonic pipe guided mode T(0, 1) from defects caused by induction pressure welding (IPW) process is studied using three-dimensional (3D) finite element (FE) analysis validated by experiments. Defects are assumed as cross-sectional notches along the weld bond-line, and both surface-breaking and embedded features are considered. Results show that T(0, 1) mode reflection from weld defects is strongly influenced by features of the weld itself. However, with supplementary results such as the mode-converted flexural F(1, 3) and F(1, 2) modes and circumferential variation of T(0, 1) reflection, there is potential for an effective screening solution.

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