We demonstrate a comprehensive earthquake response analysis method for improving the seismic input force estimation of buried pipelines by combining ground motion and soil amplification analyses. Using this method, the seismic input force of an actual pipeline was estimated and its seismic performance was checked for a largest assumed seismic fault scenario. Three-dimensional inhomogeneity of ground and surface topography is known to greatly affect the results of ground motion and soil amplification analyses. To consider these effects, a linear wave propagation analysis using a 10 × 109 degree-of-freedom three-dimensional finite element model was conducted for the ground motion analysis, and a nonlinear wave propagation analysis using an 80 × 106 degree-of-freedom three-dimensional finite element model was conducted for the soil amplification analysis. The application example showed that three-dimensional inhomogeneity of ground and surface topology caused complex seismic input forces to buried pipelines, and demonstrated the effectiveness of the comprehensive seismic analysis method proposed in this study.
Comprehensive Seismic Response Analysis for Estimating the Seismic Behavior of Buried Pipelines Enhanced by Three-Dimensional Dynamic Finite Element Analysis of Ground Motion and Soil Amplification
Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 13, 2015; final manuscript received March 25, 2016; published online April 29, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Albert E. Segall.
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Ichimura, T., Fujita, K., Errol Quinay, P., Hori, M., Sakanoue, T., Hamanaka, R., Ito, F., and Suetomi, I. (April 29, 2016). "Comprehensive Seismic Response Analysis for Estimating the Seismic Behavior of Buried Pipelines Enhanced by Three-Dimensional Dynamic Finite Element Analysis of Ground Motion and Soil Amplification." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2016; 138(5): 051801. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4033250
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