Commonly used design codes for power plant components and pressure vessels include rules for ratcheting analysis that specify limits on accumulated strain. No guidance is provided on the use of the material model. The objective of the paper is to provide guidance that may be helpful to analysts. The Chaboche nonlinear kinematic (NLK) hardening material model is chosen as an appropriate model. Two methods are selected for its calibration that can determine the parameters for stainless steels. One is manual that requires no outside software and the other uses finite element software. Both are based on the monotonic stress–strain curve obtained from a tension specimen. The use of the Chaboche parameters for cases when ratcheting is caused by cyclic temperature fields is selected as the example of an application. The conclusion is that the number of allowable design cycles is far higher when using the parameters with temperature dependency than those at the constant maximum temperature that is being cycled.

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