Welding of nickel-based alloys is increasingly used in the industry to manufacture many important components of the marine industries, chemical processing, etc. In this study, a 3D thermomechanical finite element (FE) analysis is employed to evaluate residual stresses and deformations caused by the tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding of Monel 400 (Nickel-Copper alloy) plates. The FE results related to the residual stresses and deformations have been verified by using the hole-drilling stress measurement and common dimensional measurement tools, respectively. Residual stresses analyzed by the FE simulation are then compared with those obtained from ultrasonic stress measurement. The ultrasonic stress measurement is based on acoustoelasticity law, which presents the relation between the acoustic waves and the stress of material. The ultrasonic stress measurement is carried out by using longitudinal critically refracted (LCR) waves which are longitudinal ultrasonic waves propagated parallel to the surface inside the tested material. Two welded plates are experimentally prepared (with and without using clamp) to investigate the clamping effect on the welding residual stress and deformations. By utilizing the FE analysis along with the LCR method, the distribution of longitudinal residual stress could be achieved. It has been concluded that the applied methodologies are enough accurate to distinguish the clamping effect on the welding residual stresses and deformations of Monel plates.

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