Recent studies have shown that the crack growth of primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) is mainly driven by the weld residual stress (WRS) within the dissimilar metal weld. The existing stress intensity factor (K) solutions for surface cracks in pipe typically require a fourth order polynomial stress distribution through the pipe wall thickness. However, it is not always possible to accurately represent the through thickness WRS with a fourth order polynomial fit and it is necessary to investigate the effect of the WRS fitting on the calculated Ks. In this paper, two different methods were used to calculate the K for a semi-elliptical circumferential surface crack in a pipe under a given set of simulated WRS. The first method is the universal weight function method (UWFM) where the through thickness WRS distribution is represented as a piece-wise monotonic cubic fit. In the second method, the through thickness WRS profiles are represented as a fourth order polynomial curve fit (both using the entire wall thickness data and only using data up to the crack-tip). In addition, three-dimensional finite element (FE) analyses (using the simulated weld residual stress) were conducted to provide a reference solution. The results of this study demonstrate the potential sensitivity of Ks to fourth order polynomial fitting artifacts. The piece-wise WRS representations used in the UWFM were not sensitive to these fitting artifacts and the UWFM solutions were in good agreement with the FE results. In addition, in certain cases, it was demonstrated that more accurate crack growth calculations of PWSCC are made when the UWFM is used.
Effect of Weld Residual Stress Fitting on Stress Intensity Factor for Circumferential Surface Cracks in Pipe
Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received November 18, 2013; final manuscript received April 11, 2014; published online October 13, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Xian-Kui Zhu.
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Shim, D., Xu, S., and Kerr, M. (October 13, 2014). "Effect of Weld Residual Stress Fitting on Stress Intensity Factor for Circumferential Surface Cracks in Pipe." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2015; 137(1): 011403. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4027430
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