Full structural weld overlays (FSWOLs) have been used extensively as a repair/mitigation technique for primary water stress corrosion cracking in pressurizer nozzle dissimilar metal (DM) welds. To support an approved FSWOL design and safety submission for British Energy pressurized water reactor (PWR) nozzles, an in-depth evaluation was performed to assess the effects of a FSWOL on the through wall residual stress distribution in safety/relief pressurizer nozzles. Two safety/relief pressurizer nozzle mockups were fabricated based on British Energy’s PWR nozzle design. One mockup included the nozzle to safe-end DM weld and the safe-end to stainless steel weld, while the second mockup included the DM weld, the stainless steel weld, and a Westinghouse designed structural weld overlay. The mockups were fabricated utilizing materials and techniques that represented the plant specific nozzles as closely as possible and detailed welding parameters were recorded during fabrication. All welds were subsequently nondestructively evaluated (NDE). A thorough review of the detailed fabrication records and the NDE results was performed and several circumferential positions were selected on each mockup for subsequent residual stress measurement. The through wall residual stress profiles were experimentally measured through the DM weld centerline at the selected circumferential positions using both the deep-hole drilling (DHD) and incremental deep-hole drilling (iDHD) measurement techniques. In addition to experimental residual stress measurements, the through-wall residual stress profiles were simulated using a 2D axisymmetric ansys finite element (FE) model. The model utilized the application of temperature constraints on the weld elements to simulate the thermal welding cycle which greatly simplified the simulation as compared with detailed heat source modeling methods. Kinematic strain hardening was used for material modeling of the weld and base metals. A range of residual weld stress profiles was calculated by varying the time at which the temperature constraints were applied to the model. The simulation results were compared with the measurement results. It was found that the effects of the FSWOL were principally threefold. Specifically, the FSWOL causes a much deeper compressive stress field, i.e., the overlay shifts tension out toward the outside diameter (OD) surface. Furthermore, the FSWOL reduces tension in the underlying dissimilar metal weld, and finally, the FSWOL causes higher peak compressive and tensile residual stresses, both of which move deeper into the nozzle wall after the overlay is applied. Relatively good agreement was observed between the FE results and the measurements results.

References

References
1.
Mahmoudi
,
A. H.
,
Hossain
,
S.
,
Truman
,
C. E.
,
Smith
,
D. J.
, and
Pavier
,
M. J.
,
2009
, “
A New Procedure to Measure Near Yield Residual Stresses Using the Deep Hole Drilling Technique
,”
Exp. Mech.
,
49
(
4
), pp.
595
604
.10.1007/s11340-008-9164-y
2.
Hosseinzadeh
,
F.
,
Mahmoudi
,
A. H.
,
Truman
,
C. E.
, and
Smith
,
D. J.
,
2009
, “
Prediction and Measurement of Through Thickness Residual Stresses in Large Quenched Components
,”
Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering
, Vol.
II
.
3.
Smith
,
M. C.
,
Muransky
,
O.
,
Goodfellow
,
A.
,
Kingston
,
E.
,
Freyer
,
P.
,
Marlette
,
S.
,
Wilkowski
,
G. M.
,
Brust
,
B.
, and
Shim
,
D.-J.
,
2010
, “
The Impact of Key Simulation Variables on Predicted Residual Stresses in Pressuriser Nozzle Dissimilar Metal Weld Mock-Ups: Part 2-Comparison of Simulation and Measurements
,” Proceedings of the ASME Pressure Vessels & Piping Division, July 18–22, Bellevue, WA,
ASME
Paper No. PVP 2012-26025.10.1115/PVP2010-26025
You do not currently have access to this content.