Gas flow over ducted cavities can excite strong acoustic resonances within the confined volumes housing the cavities. When the wavelength of the resonant acoustic modes is comparable with, or smaller than, the cavity dimensions, these modes are referred to as trapped acoustic modes. The flow excitation mechanism causing the resonance of these trapped modes in axisymmetric shallow cavities has been investigated experimentally in a series of papers by Aly and Ziada (2010, “Flow-Excited Resonance of Trapped Modes of Ducted Shallow Cavities,” J. Fluids Struct., 26, pp. 92–120; 2011, “Azimuthal Behaviour of Flow-Excited Diametral Modes of Internal Shallow Cavities,” J. Sound Vib., 330, pp. 3666–3683; 2012, “Effect of Mean Flow on the Trapped Modes of Internal Cavities,” J. Fluids Struct., 33, pp. 70–84). In this paper, the same experimental set-up is used to investigate the effect of the upstream edge geometry on the acoustic resonance of trapped modes. The investigated geometries include sharp and rounded cavity corners, chamfering the upstream edge, and spoilers of different types and sizes. Rounding-off the cavity edges is found to increase the pulsation amplitude substantially, but the resonance lock-on range is delayed, i.e., it is shifted to higher flow velocities. Similarly, chamfering the upstream corner delays the onset of resonance, but maintains its intensity in comparison with that of sharp edges. Spoilers, or vortex generators, added at the upstream edge have been found to be the most effective means to suppress the resonance. However, the minimum spoiler size which is needed to suppress the resonance increases as the cavity size becomes larger.
Passive Control of Trapped Mode Resonance of Ducted Cavities
Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received August 25, 2013; final manuscript received April 5, 2014; published online August 19, 2014. Assoc. Editor: Jong Chull Jo.
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Bolduc, M., Elsayed, M., and Ziada, S. (August 19, 2014). "Passive Control of Trapped Mode Resonance of Ducted Cavities." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2014; 136(5): 051311. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4027377
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