The flow induced acoustics in an inline tube bank (P/d = 3) subject to cross flow, indicative of a generic heat exchanger geometry, are examined over a range of flow velocities using particle image velocimetry (PIV) coupled with acoustic modal analysis using finite element analysis (FEA). The objective is twofold: to determine if the method originally developed for tandem cylinders is applicable to more geometrically complex configurations, with more restricted optical access; and hence to investigate the spatial distribution of acoustic sources within the tube array. The spatial and temporal aeroacoustic source distribution has been successfully obtained experimentally for the case of Strouhal acoustic coincidence (i.e., fa = fv). It is found that the acoustic sources are most intense behind the first row due to the spatial compactness of the vortices. However, a strong negative source (i.e., a sink) is also present in this location, so that the net contribution of the first row wake is small. In subsequent rows, the sources are weaker and more dispersed, but the sink is reduced dramatically. The result is that after the first row the remaining rows of the array contributes energy to the acoustic field. It is noted that, for the coincidence case in the tube bundle studied here, the spatial distribution of sources in the region around the first and second row is similar to the precoincidence regime found for tandem cylinders. This apparent contradiction requires further investigation. Nonetheless, it is concluded that the method of combining PIV with FEA to determine the source distribution can be applied to more complex geometries than previously reported.

References

References
1.
Eisinger
,
F. L.
, and
Sullivan
,
R. E.
,
2007
, “
Acoustic Resonance in a Package Boiler and Its Solution—A Case Study
,”
ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol.
,
129
(
4
), pp.
759
762
.10.1115/1.2767369
2.
Reyes
,
L.
,
2007
, “
Power Uprate Program Status Report-Secy-07-0090
,” Technical Report, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
3.
NERAC, and GIF
,
2002
, “
A Technology Roadmap for Generation IV Nuclear Energy Systems
,” U.S. DoE Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee and the Generation IV International Forum.
4.
Mohany
,
A.
, and
Ziada
,
S.
,
2005
, “
Flow-Excited Acoustic Resonance of Two Tandem Cylinders in Cross-Flow
,”
J. Fluids Struct.
,
21
(
1
), pp.
103
119
.10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2005.05.018
5.
Mohany
,
A.
, and
Ziada
,
S.
,
2009
, “
A Parametric Study of the Resonance Mechanisms of Two Tandem Cylinders in Cross-Flow
,”
ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol.
,
131
(
2
), p.
021302
.10.1115/1.3027452
6.
Hall
,
J. W.
,
Ziada
,
S.
, and
Weaver
,
D. S.
,
2003
, “
Vortex-Shedding From Single and Tandem Cylinders in the Presence of Applied Sound
,”
J. Fluids Struct.
,
18
(
6
), pp.
741
758
.10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2003.06.003
7.
Fitzpatrick
,
J. A.
,
2003
, “
Flow/Acoustic Interactions of Two Cylinders in Cross-Flow
,”
J. Fluids Struct.
,
17
(
1
), pp.
97
113
.10.1016/S0889-9746(02)00091-9
8.
Finnegan
,
S. L.
,
Meskell
,
C.
, and
Ziada
,
S.
,
2010
, “
Experimental Investigation of the Acoustic Power Around Two Tandem Cylinders
,”
ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol.
,
132
(
4
), p.
041306
.10.1115/1.4001701
9.
Fitzpatrick
,
J. A.
, and
Donaldson
,
I. S.
,
1977
, “
A Preliminary Study of Flow and Acoustic Phenomena in Tube Banks
,”
ASME J. Fluids Eng.
,
99
, pp.
681
686
.10.1115/1.3448883
10.
Fitzpatrick
,
J. A.
,
1980
, “
Row Depth Effects on Turbulence Spectra and Acoustic Vibrations in Tube Banks
,”
J. Sound Vib.
,
73
, pp.
225
237
.10.1016/0022-460X(80)90691-4
11.
Fitzpatrick
,
J. A.
,
1982
, “
Acoustics Resonances in In-Line Tube Banks
,”
J. Sound Vib.
,
85
, pp.
435
437
.10.1016/0022-460X(82)90269-3
12.
Fitzpatrick
,
J. A.
,
1985
, “
The Prediction of Flow-Induced Noise in Heat Exchanger Tube Arrays
,”
J. Sound Vib.
,
99
(
3
), pp.
425
435
.10.1016/0022-460X(85)90379-7
13.
Blevins
,
R.
, and
Bressler
,
M.
,
1993
, “
Experiments on Acoustic Resonance in Heat Exchanger Tube Bundles
,”
J. Sound Vib.
,
164
, pp.
502
534
.10.1006/jsvi.1993.1231
14.
Oengoren
,
A.
, and
Ziada
,
S.
,
1992
, “
Vorticity Shedding and Acoustic Resonance in an In-Line Tube Bundle—Part II: Acoustic Resonance
,”
J. Fluids Struct.
,
6
, pp.
293
309
.10.1016/0889-9746(92)90011-Q
15.
Oengoren
,
A.
, and
Ziada
,
S.
,
1998
, “
An In-Depth Study of Vortex Shedding, Acoustic Resonance and Turbulent Forces in Normal Triangular Tube Arrays
,”
J. Fluids Struct.
,
12
, pp.
717
758
.10.1006/jfls.1998.0162
16.
Ziada
,
S.
,
Oengoren
,
A.
, and
Buhlmann
,
E. T.
,
1989
, “
On Acoustical Resonance in Tube Arrays Part II: Damping Criteria
,”
J. Fluids Struct.
,
3
(
3
), pp.
315
324
.10.1016/S0889-9746(89)90091-1
17.
Kook
,
H.
, and
Mongeau
,
L.
,
2002
, “
Analysis of the Periodic Pressure Fluctuations Induced by Flow Over a Cavity
,”
J. Sound Vib.
,
251
(
5
), pp.
823
846
.10.1006/jsvi.2001.4013
18.
Tonon
,
D.
,
Willems
,
J. F. H.
, and
Hirschberg
,
A.
,
2011
, “
Self-Sustained Oscillations in Pipe Systems With Multiple Deepside Branches: Prediction and Reduction by Detuning
,”
J. Sound Vib.
,
330
, pp.
5894
5912
.10.1016/j.jsv.2011.07.024
19.
Ziada
,
S.
, and
Lafon
,
P.
,
2014
, “
Flow-Excited Acoustic Resonance Excitation Mechanism, Design Guidelines, and Counter Measures
,”
ASME Appl. Mech. Rev.
,
66
, p.
011002
.10.1115/1.4025788
20.
Finnegan
,
S.
,
Meskell
,
C.
, and
Oshkai
,
P.
,
2010
, “
Aeroacoustic Source Distribution Around Four Cylinders Orientated in a Square
,”
ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting Collocated With 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
,
ASME
, pp.
735
744
.10.1115/FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30272
21.
Howe
,
M. S.
,
1980
, “
The Dissipation of Sound at an Edge
,”
J. Sound Vib.
,
70
(
3
), pp.
407
411
.10.1016/0022-460X(80)90308-9
22.
Howe
,
M. S.
,
1975
, “
Contributions to Theory of Aerodynamic Sound, With Application to Excess Jet Noise and Theory of Flute
,”
J. Fluid Mech.
,
71
(
4
), pp.
625
673
.10.1017/S0022112075002777
23.
Zdravkovich
,
M.
,
2003
,
Flow Around Circular Cylinders: A Comprehensive Guide Through Flow Phenomena, Experiments, Applications, Mathematical Models, and Computer Simulations Volume 2 Applications
,
Oxford University Press
,
UK
.
24.
Mahon
,
J.
,
Cheeran
,
P.
, and
Meskell
,
C.
,
2010
, “
Spanwise Correlation of Surface Pressure Fluctuations in Heat Exchanger Tube Arrays
,”
ASME 2010 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting Collocated With 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, August 1–5, 2010,
ASME
, Paper No. FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30483, pp.
533
542
.10.1115/FEDSM-ICNMM2010-30483
25.
Ziada
,
S.
, and
Oengoren
,
A.
,
1992
, “
Vorticity Shedding and Acoustic Resonance in an In-Line Tube Bundle—Part I: Vortex Shedding
,”
J. Fluids Struct.
,
6
, pp.
271
292
.10.1016/0889-9746(92)90010-Z
26.
Breakey
,
D.
,
Fitzptrick
,
J.
, and
Meskell
,
C.
,
2013
, “
Aeroacoustic Source Analysis Using Time-Resolved PIV in a Free Jet
,”
Exp. Fluids
,
54
, p.
1531
.10.1007/s00348-013-1531-5
27.
Mohany
,
A.
, and
Ziada
,
S.
,
2009
, “
Numerical Simulation of the Flow-Sound Interaction Mechanisms of a Sinlge and Two-Tandem Cylinders in Cross-Flow
,”
ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol.
,
131
(
3
), p.
031306
.10.1115/1.3110029
You do not currently have access to this content.