Residual stress state plays an important role in the fatigue life of welded structures. The effect can be beneficial or detrimental, depending on the nature of residual stresses. High frequency mechanical impact (HFMI) treatment is a postweld fatigue improvement technique for welded joints. In this research work the behavior of compressive residual stresses induced in welded joints in high strength steels (HSS) by HFMI treatment has been investigated. Longitudinal nonload carrying attachments in HSS are tested with constant amplitude (CA) and variable amplitude (VA) fatigue loading. Stress concentration factors have been calculated using finite element analysis (FEA). Residual stresses have been measured at different cycles during fatigue testing using X-ray diffraction technique. It is observed that the induced residual stresses are quite stable with some relaxation in CA and VA loading. The overloads in VA loading seem to be more detrimental. Relaxation of residual stresses is more obvious in VA tests.

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