Over the last 20 years or so, many studies have revealed the deleterious effect of the environment on fatigue life of austenitic stainless steels in primary water reactor (PWR) primary water. The fatigue life correlation factor, so-called Fen, which corresponds to the ratio of fatigue life in air at room temperature to that in water under reactor operating conditions, has been standardized to consider the effect on fatigue life evaluation, and the formulations are function of strain rate and temperature due to their noticeable negative effect compared with other factors (Chopra and Shack, 2007, “Effect of LWR Coolant Environments on the Fatigue Life of Reactor Materials,” Final Report, Report No. NUREG/CR-6909, ANL-06/08; Codes for Nuclear Power Generation Facilities, 2009, "Environmental Fatigue Evaluation Method for Nuclear Power Plants," JSME S NF1-2009, The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Tokyo, Japan). However, mechanism causing fatigue life reduction remains to be cleared. As one of the possible approaches to examine the underlying mechanism of environmental effect, the authors focused on the effect of plastic strain, because it could lead microstructural evolution on the material. In addition, in the case of stress corrosion cracking (SCC), it is well known that the strain-hardening prior to exposure to the primary water can lead to remarkable increase of the susceptibility to cracking (Vaillant et al., 2009, “Stress Corrosion Cracking Propagation of Cold-Worked Austenitic Stainless Steels in PWR Environment,” 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems; Couvant et al., 2009, "Development of Understanding of the Interaction Between Localized Deformation and SCC of Austenitic Stainless Steels Exposed to Primary PWR Environment," 14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems). However, its effect on fatigue life has not necessarily been cleared yet. The main effort in this study addressed the effect of the prior strain-hardening on low cycle fatigue life in the primary water. A plate of 304LSS was strain hardened by cold rolling or tension prior to fatigue testing. The tests were performed under axial strain control at 300 °C in primary water including B/Li and hydrogen, and in air. The effect on environmental fatigue life was investigated through a comparison of Fen in experiments and in regulations, and also the effect on the fatigue limit defined at 106 cycles was discussed.

References

References
1.
Vaillant
,
F.
,
Tribouilloy-Buisse
,
L.
, and
Couvant
,
T.
,
2009
, “
Stress Corrosion Cracking Propagation of Cold-Worked Austenitic Stainless Steels in PWR Environment
,”
14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems
.
2.
Couvant
,
T.
,
Legras
,
L.
,
Herbelin
,
A.
,
Musienko
,
A.
,
Ilevbare
,
G.
,
Delafosse
,
D.
,
Cailletaud
,
G.
, and
Hickling
,
J.
,
2009
, “
Development of Understanding of the Interaction Between Localized Deformation and SCC of Austenitic Stainless Steels Exposed to Primary PWR Environment
,”
14th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems
.
3.
Japan Nuclear Safety Organization,
2007
, “
Final Report of EFT Project
,” Report No. 07-kizaiho-0002 (in Japanese).
4.
Solomon
,
H. D.
,
Amzallag
,
C.
,
DeLair
,
R. E.
, and
Vallee
,
A. J.
,
2005
, “
Comparison of the Fatigue Life of Type 304L SS as Measured in Load and Strain Controlled Tests
,”
12th International Conference on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Systems
.
5.
Chopra
,
O. K.
, and
Shack
,
W. J.
,
2007
, “
Effect of LWR Coolant Environments on the Fatigue Life of Reactor Materials
,” Report No. NUREG/CR-6909, ANL-06/08.
6.
Codes for Nuclear Power Generation Facilities,
2009
, “
Environmental Fatigue Evaluation Method for Nuclear Power Plants
,” JSME S NF1-2009, The Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Tokyo, Japan.
7.
Ganesh Sundara Raman
,
S.
, and
Padmanabhan
K. A.
,
1996
, “
Effect of prior cold work on the room-temperature low-cycle fatigue behavior of AISI 304LN stainless steel
,”
Int. J. Fatigue
,
18
(
2
), pp.
71
79
.10.1016/0142-1123(95)00078-X
You do not currently have access to this content.