Cold welding defect is the most common defect in electro-fusion (EF) joint for connecting polyethylene (PE) pipe. In our previous study , the cold welding defect is successfully inspected by an eigen-line method based on phased array ultrasonic testing technology. However, limited research has been reported on the acceptance criterion of cold welding defect in EF joint. In this paper, the bonding strength of EF joint is measured using a peeling test. The bonding energy of welding interface is calculated both by phenomenological model and deformation energy analysis method. EF joints with different degrees of cold welding are made and used for peeling tests. The results show that the bonding energy of fused interface rises rapidly after bonding and then goes through a plateau region. The starting point of the plateau region in the bonding energy versus welding time curve is regarded as the minimum required welding time of EF joint. Based on bilinear fitting, the acceptance criterion of cold welding defect is proposed.
Safety Assessment of Cold Welding Defect in Electro-Fusion Joint of Polyethylene Pipe
Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology. Manuscript received August 6, 2012; final manuscript received February 19, 2013; published online September 16, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Marina Ruggles-Wrenn.
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Shi, J., Zheng, J., Guo, W., and Xu, C. (September 16, 2013). "Safety Assessment of Cold Welding Defect in Electro-Fusion Joint of Polyethylene Pipe." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. October 2013; 135(5): 051403. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024447
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