An approximate analytical model, to predict the drag coefficient on a cylinder and the two-phase Euler number for upward two-phase cross-flow through horizontal bundles, has been developed. To verify the model, two sets of experiments were performed with an air–water mixture for a range of pitch mass fluxes and void fractions. The experiments were undertaken using a rotated triangular (RT) array of cylinders having a pitch-to-diameter ratio of 1.5 and cylinder diameter 38 mm. The void fraction model proposed by Feenstra et al. was used to estimate the void fraction of the flow within the tube bundle. An important variable for drag coefficient estimation is the two-phase friction multiplier. A new drag coefficient model has been developed, based on the single-phase flow Euler number formulation proposed by Zukauskas et al. and the two-phase friction multiplier in duct flow formulated by various researchers. The present model is developed considering the Euler number formulation by Zukauskas et al. as well as existing two-phase friction multiplier models. It is found that Marchaterre's model for two-phase friction multiplier is applicable to air–water mixtures. The analytical results agree reasonably well with experimental drag coefficients and Euler numbers in air–water mixtures for a sufficiently wide range of pitch mass fluxes and qualities. This model will allow researchers to provide analytical estimates of the drag coefficient, which is related to two-phase damping.
Drag Coefficient and Two-Phase Friction Multiplier on Tube Bundles Subjected to Two-Phase Cross-Flow
Contributed by the Pressure Vessel and Piping Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received February 22, 2011; final manuscript received April 19, 2012; published online November 28, 2012. Assoc. Editor: Samir Ziada.
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Sim, W. G., and Mureithi, N. W. (November 28, 2012). "Drag Coefficient and Two-Phase Friction Multiplier on Tube Bundles Subjected to Two-Phase Cross-Flow." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2013; 135(1): 011302. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4007285
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