When a crack is detected in a pipe during in-service inspection, the failure estimation method given in the Codes such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI or the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers (JSME) S NA-1-2008 can be applied to assess the integrity of the pipe. In the current edition of the ASME Code Section XI, the failure estimation method is provided for combined bending moment and pressure loads. The provision of evaluating torsion load is not made in the ASME Code Section XI. In this paper, finite element analyses are conducted for stainless steel pipes with a circumferential surface crack subjected to the combined bending and torsion moments, focusing on the entire range of torsion moments, including pure torsion. The effect of the internal pressure on failure behavior is also investigated. Based on the analysis results, a prediction method for plastic collapse under the combined loading conditions of bending and torsion is proposed for the general magnitude of torsion moments.

References

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