Swaging is one method of autofrettage, a means of prestressing high-pressure vessels to increase their fatigue lives and load bearing capacity. Swaging achieves the required deformation through physical interference between an oversized mandrel and the bore diameter of the tube, as it is pushed along and through the bore of the tube. A finite element (FE) model of the swaging process, developed previously by the author in ANSYS, was configured for comparison with an earlier model; this allowed the accuracy of further properties of the ANSYS model to be investigated. Driving force was the main property of interest, specifically how it varied with mandrel slopes and parallel midsection, to allow direct comparison with the earlier model. The variation of driving force with respect to coefficient of friction was investigated; driving force increased in near proportion, but a subtle trend indicated a further study of stress component be made. This was followed by a two-pass swage process. Close agreement was found with empirical data and the discrepancies observed between the two models are explained by the relatively coarse mesh used by the earlier model. This further verifies the sensitivity of the model described here.

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