Piping systems in power plant may experience combined bending-torsion loads in the presence of planar crack-like flaws. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section XI nonmandatory Appendix C provides flaw evaluation procedures for pipes with flaws. These are currently limited to straight pipes under pressure and bending loads and no provision is made for torsion loading. The working group on pipe flaw evaluation is developing guidance for including the torsion load within the existing solutions provided in the Appendix C for bending loading on a straight pipe under fully plastic fracture regime. This paper reports on the finite element limit load analyses performed on the straight pipe containing a circumferential planar crack-like flaw. Pipe diameters were ranging from 4 in. (100 mm) to 24 in. (600 mm) nominal diameter (OD) and R/t ranging from 6 to 40. For the purpose of nonmandatory Appendix C flaw evaluation, it is concluded that the torsion loads can be combined with bending loads using the root of the sum of the squares (RSS) method of Section III of the ASME Boiler Code, without any additional weighting on torsion.
Inclusion of Torsion Loads in Section XI Flaw Evaluation Procedures for Pipes Containing Circumferential Planar Surface Crack-Like Flaws on the Basis of Limit Load Analysis
Bezensek, B., Li, Y., Hasegawa, K., and Hoang, P. H. (May 18, 2012). "Inclusion of Torsion Loads in Section XI Flaw Evaluation Procedures for Pipes Containing Circumferential Planar Surface Crack-Like Flaws on the Basis of Limit Load Analysis." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. June 2012; 134(3): 031003. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4005875
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