The corrosion failure of 1Cr18Ni9Ti stainless steel pressure vessel was studied with the aid of metallurgical microscopes, scanning electron microscopes, scanning Auger energy spectra and X-ray diffraction meters. The main causes of the failure included: inter-crystalline corrosion initiated at or near welding position between head and body of cylinder, electrochemical corrosion due to chloride ions in electrolyte and corrosive action formed by oxygen separator and hydrogen separator. Some measures of corrosion resistance and design improvement were proposed.
Failure Analysis of the Pressure Vessel by Stainless Steel: 1Cr18Ni9Ti
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Contributed by the Pressure Vessels and Piping Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received by the PVP Division July 24, 2003; revision received September 1, 2004. Associate Editor: W. L. Cheng.
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Zhou, J., Wang, K., and Gao, L. (December 1, 2004). "Failure Analysis of the Pressure Vessel by Stainless Steel: 1Cr18Ni9Ti ." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. November 2004; 126(4): 414–418. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1811106
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