Acoustic vibration in two stack liners located inside a stack downstream of two induced draft fans occurred at high loads. Measurements confirmed that an acoustic wave developed in the fundamental diametral mode of the cylindrical stack liners. It manifested itself as a pure tone traveling through the stack to surrounding residential areas. It was suspected that turbulent flow in the pipe bends upstream of the stack and downstream of the fans was the source of the excitation. Laboratory scale model tests confirmed that the bends indeed acted as the source. Two guide vane configurations placed inside the bends were tested experimentally. The tests showed that properly placed guide vanes would reduce the acoustic levels in the stack. The paper gives a description and evaluation of the problem.
Acoustic Vibration in a Stack Induced by Pipe Bends
Contributed by the Pressure Vessels and Piping Division and presented at the International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 17–22, 2002. Manuscript received by the PVP Division, July 1, 2002; revised manuscript received February 10, 2003. Associate Editor: S. Y. Zamrik.
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Eisinger, F. L., Sullivan, R. E., Feenstra , P., and Weaver, D. S. (May 5, 2003). "Acoustic Vibration in a Stack Induced by Pipe Bends ." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. May 2003; 125(2): 228–232. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1565080
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