Underwater pipeline inspections are conducted using ultrasonic cylindrical guided waves in the laboratory environment. Three different types of mechanical defects—gouge, removed metal, and dent—are fabricated in small-diameter, 22.22-mm, aluminum pipes and tested. To efficiently propagate the antisymmetric (flexural) cylindrical guided waves through the aluminum pipe in water, a new transducer holder device is designed. The device uses commercially available ultrasonic transducers that generate compressional ultrasonic waves in the water. The device can change the striking angle of the incident beam from 0 to 51 deg. With the help of this device, the incident angle adjustment and frequency sweeping can be carried out. This is necessary for obtaining the time history of the received signals for various incident angles and signal frequencies; then these time histories are converted to curves, or received signal amplitude versus frequency curves. From the amplitude of these curves, the type and extent of the mechanical defects can be estimated. This investigation shows that the new coupler device can be effectively used for health monitoring of underwater pipelines using guided waves.
Underwater Pipeline Inspection Using Guided Waves
Contributed by the Pressure Vessels and Piping Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSEL TECHNOLOGY. Manuscript received by the PVP Division, May 16, 2001; revised manuscript received December 18, 2001. Associate Editor: J. C. Duke.
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Na , W., and Kundu, T. (May 1, 2002). "Underwater Pipeline Inspection Using Guided Waves ." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. May 2002; 124(2): 196–200. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1466456
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