In the structural design of fast breeder reactors, irradiation effects and sodium environmental effects on structural materials have to be taken into account. In this paper, firstly, an evaluation procedure for irradiation effects on the mechanical properties of 316FR (FBR Grade 316 stainless steel), which is a newly developed stainless steel for the Japanese demonstration fast breeder reactor, is proposed. The procedure gives a limit of accumulated fast neutron fluence as a function of temperature, so that the minimum tensile fracture elongation of 10 percent, which is the threshold for material to stay ductile, is maintained. Furthermore, the procedure determined a creep life reduction factor and a creep rate increase factor as a function of accumulated thermal neutron fluence within the limitation of the accumulated fast neutron fluence, to account for the creep life reduction and the increase of creep rate due to irradiation. Secondly, an evaluation procedure for sodium environmental effects on the integrity of 316FR and modified 9Cr-1Mo steel was proposed. It gave a corrosion allowance as a function of temperature, oxygen content, and service time, based on corrosion tests. It determined that no correction factors that correspond to sodium environment on design allowable stresses, etc., are needed, because no adverse effects of sodium on the mechanical properties of 316FR and modified 9Cr-1Mo steel were to be expected in the service conditions of FBRs. Both the procedures have been incorporated into the Japanese Elevated Temperature Structural Design Guide for Demonstration Fast Breeder Reactor.
Evaluation Procedures for Irradiation Effects and Sodium Environmental Effects for the Structural Design of Japanese Fast Breeder Reactors
Contributed by the Pressure Vessels and Piping Division and presented at the Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, August 1–5, 1999, of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Manuscript received by the PVP Division, October 18, 1999; revised manuscript received October 27, 2000. Editor: S. Y. Zamrik.
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Asayama, T., Abe , Y., Miyaji , N., Koi , M., Furukawa , T., and Yoshida, E. (October 27, 2000). "Evaluation Procedures for Irradiation Effects and Sodium Environmental Effects for the Structural Design of Japanese Fast Breeder Reactors ." ASME. J. Pressure Vessel Technol. February 2001; 123(1): 49–57. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1338119
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