Tube-to-tube ties and their arrangement within the tube array are shown to affect the onset of fluidelastic instability. The influence of tie arrangement for a single tube row and for an in-line tube array is obtained by numerical simulation using S. S. Chen’s unsteady flow theory. Maps of dimensionless critical velocities for groups of tubes consisting of two, three, four, and five tubes tied to each other are developed for several design configurations. It is shown that the stability limits can be raised by appropriate choice of tube group and tie location.

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