Two-step variable straining tests, which included CP- (slow-fast) type and PC- (fast-slow) type tests, were conducted at 600°C in air for Mod.9Cr-1Mo steel. In the tests, CP and PC-type strain range level varied from high to low for the high-low test and from low to high for the low-high test. The deviations of the experimental data from the linear damage rule prediction were observed. These experimental results and the effect of the strain waveform on the creep-fatigue properties under variable straining were well explained by the life prediction model previously proposed by the authors in which the strain range partitioned crack growth rate equations were applied.

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