The elastic stress distribution of four models (β=Do/Di=1.07, 1.20, unreinforced and weld-reinforced) under five typical external loadings and the strength of six models (in addition to β=1.50) under internal pressure are investigated experimentally. The maximum stress factors are obtained. The influences of weld-reinforced structure on stress distribution and strength characteristics of tees are discussed. The finite-element predictions of unreinforced tees with β=1.07, 1.11, 1.15, 1.20 are carried out. The predicted stress distributions agree well with measured results. The relation between β and stress concentration factors under various loadings are obtained.

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